Everything You Need To Know About Pool Pumps

Everything You Need To Know About Pool Pumps

The pool pump is the heart of swimming pool. This integral device controls the operation of water and filters it too. Thus, homeowners must pay special attention to selecting the right pool according to their needs.

Investing in the right pump can cut down energy costs in maintaining a pool. Homeowners can choose from a variety of different style. The difference in design typically affects efficiency and costs.

What Is A Pool Pump

The primary role of the pump is to draw water out of the pool, transfer it to the main drain until it eventually passes through the filtration system and finds its way back to the pool. The cleaning system of the pool cannot function without this pump which is why you need to purchase a quality product that will function well and last for years to come.

This is a pool pump.

To make the right investment, it is essential you familiarize yourself with the different types of pumps available in the market. This handy guide will provide you all the information you need. The pool pump consists of the following parts:

  • Motor: Pool pumps features an electric motor that uses about 110 or 220 volts. Pool owners need to be careful not to allow excess water into the motor or else it can damage the cooling vents located underneath.
  • Lint and Hair Trap: As the name indicates, this trap prevents dirt and debris from entering into the impeller.
  • Impeller: The impeller is responsible for generating high water pressure and is powered by a motor. When the impeller is switched on, it sends water to the edges of the impeller until it finally reaches the filter.

Types Of Pool Pumps

Pool owners can choose from two main types of pool pumps. These include:

Above Ground Pool Pump

These pool pumps include large filter basket that can collect debris. It typically features a high-powered motor and needs less maintenance. Most people opt for this kind because it allows high flow action, resulting in super quick and efficient filtering cycles.

Inground Pool Pump

This pump is a much cheaper option and is easier to operate. On the downside, in ground pumps utilize more energy compared to their above ground types.

Common Pool Disinfection Methods

The following are some of the most common and effective pool disinfection methods:


Using chlorine is among the most effective ways to maintain the perfectly sanitized pool. Chlorine is a powerful sanitizer that can effectively inhibit the growth of algae and kill bacteria along with other contaminants found inside the pool.

Chlorine tablets for the pool.

Pool owners can choose between two popular chlorine based sanitizers: this includes stabilized and unstabilized. Stabilized chlorine is a good option for folks who want to limit chlorine loss because of the sun’s powerful UV rays.

Depending on how often you use your pool, you can add chlorine on a daily or monthly basis. You cannot store unstabilized chlorine and have to add it to the pool directly. On the other hand, you have to place stabilized chlorine in a floating dispenser or skimmer basket.

Copper Ion System

Copper ionization is a great alternative for people who don’t want to use chlorine for health and safety reasons. This method uses low voltage current to transfer free copper ions into the pool water. Copper ions can successfully destroy bacteria and algae without the use of harsh chemicals.

Copper Ion System for pools.

This feature makes copper ions a safe option for disinfecting water in spas, pools and drinking water. Chlorine produces dangerous byproducts such as trihalomethanes, chloroform, and chloramines. In the long run, these chemicals can damage your hair and cause your skin to dry.

Another great thing about copper ions is that it only remains active in the pool until a microorganism absorbs it. Furthermore, similar to zinc and calcium, copper is needed by the body to boost nervous and immune system functions.

Different Types Of Filters

As mentioned above, the pool pump draws water from the filtration system. Most filtration system uses the following methods including sand filtering medium, cartridge, and diatomaceous earth. Electric pumps circulate water and transfer it to the pool where it makes contact with the filtering medium.

Ensure you pay attention to the size of the pool before investing. These filters work efficiently, and you don't need to clean it as often. The most important types of filters include:

Cartridge Pool Filter

This kind of filter features a washable or removable style that is similar to air filters found in most automobiles. Most cartridge air filters comprise of heavy PVC cores or spun polyester. The pool water first works its way into the polyester filter, flows into the core and then moves out of the filter.

The filter works just fine without any maintenance for about six months. To clean the filter, pool owners must first remove the cartridge and rinse it. Once you clean it, you can attach it to the filter again.

Hayward sand pool filer.
Cartridge pool filter.

Sand Filter

As the name indicates, this type of filter uses sand to purify pool water. These filters use silica which can effectively trap dirt and other types of particles. Unlike other types of filters that wear down after consistent use, the efficiency of sand filers increases with time.

The water is filtered using suction pull and gravity to pull pool water through the bed of sand, pumping it into the heater.

A sand filter can work efficiently for about five years before you have to replace it again. Frequency backwashing and cloudy water are signs that you need to replace the sand filter. Additionally, an increasingly soiled soil is likely to become grooved, which can impact on the filter's overall performance.

If you use hard pool water, the filtration system may become clogged with calcium deposits. Natural oils can also clog the system. If maintained properly, a sand filter system can last around 25 years.

However, you may have to replace the filter a little earlier if it comes in contact with cold temperatures. Large amounts of sand on the pool is also a sign that you need to replace the filter.

Diatomaceous Earth Filter

A Diatomaceous Earth Filter is also known as a DE filter. It consists of several diatom skeletons that clear the pool water. These extinct microorganisms resemble sponges when magnified. This type of filter is quite inexpensive.

However, it is inconvenient to use because you need to replace it on a regular basis. However, DE units are the most efficient among all the models because it is capable of trapping debris that is smaller than 3 microns. The grid-style filter is covered with DE and also features a nylon coating to speed up the process.

DE filters are highly durable and can last for several years. Pool owners must pay special attention to the filter grids to ensure there are no holes or cracks. Damage to the grid can cause impurities to find their way inside.

Vacuum Diatomaceous Earth
Automatic Pool Cleaners

Automatic Pool Cleaners

Thanks to the advancements in technology, you can also purchase automatic pool cleaners. Depending on the model, the cleaner can also collect leaves with the help of a leaf catcher. The cleaner will help remove dirt and debris from the pool. You can also adjust the flow volume according to your needs and requirements.

However, ensure the unit does not move too quickly or else it may miss some dirt and debris from the corners.

How To Calculate The Running Cost Of A Pool Pump

With the rising electricity bills, one may be concerned about how much power a pool pump consumes. Before investing, it is crucial you learn about how much it costs to run a pool pump. Follow these simple instructions to learn how you can calculate the costs:

  • First thing’s first: read the amperage or voltage rating printed on the pump. The number will be somewhere near the motor.
  • Multiply the amperage rating by the voltage rating. Your answer equal to the total watts.
  • Divide the answer you just calculated by 1,000, which is to convert the unit to kilowatts.
  • Multiply the answer by the hours per day you will be running the pool pump, which will give you the total kilo watts per day.
  • Finally, calculate your answer by the cost per kWh. You can find the cost printed on your recent electricity bill. The results will determine how much it will cost to run the pool pump each day.

We suggest you calculate the costs so that you can use the pool pump according to your budget.

How To Install A Pool Pump

Installing a pool pump by yourself can be tricky, especially if you have installed one before. If you possess limited knowledge about using tools or pools in general, consider seeking a professional for help. If you have the technical skills that are needed to install the pool, follow these simple steps:

  • Start by fastening the pool pump to the motor using nuts and bolts.
  • Plug the pool's water line into the pump. You will also have to place a shutoff valve or diverter on the intake side.
  • Run another line to the pump, connecting it to the outlet side.
  • Next, directly connect the discharge line to the filter assembly.
  • Connect the shut-off valve, ensuring it connects to the pool.

Top Manufacturers

Are you planning on investing in a handy pool pump? It is crucial you invest in a product manufactured by some of the top brands. Here are some leading brands you should check out:


Intext has been around for more than 40 years and is known for manufacturing high-quality pool equipment, spas, tools, boats and lots more. Intex Pool Pumps has received brilliant ratings on Amazon because of its great quality and affordable pricing.

Intex Krystal Clear Sand Filter Pump for Above Ground Pools

The company works hard to manufacture high-quality merchandise and offers great customer service as well. Each product is tested to elevate standards for safety, quality, and value.


Hayward is a reputable brand which is known for manufacturing high-quality pool equipment. The brand not only focusses on providing high-quality products but also focuses on trouble-free solutions.

Hayward SP2610X15 Super Pump

The company has been around for over 80 years and has been able to satisfy thousands of customers around the world. Hayward pool pumps are designed to cut down maintenance costs and improve overall backyard environment.

Common Contaminants And Diseases

Wondering why you should have a quality pool pump and filtration system in place? If you are not careful, your swimming pool can become a home to some different contaminants and pollutants. Additionally, dirt and debris can also result in unwanted odors or discoloration. Here are some common contaminants you should be wary of:

  • Dissolved Pollutants: After a bunch of people have taken a dive, the pool is likely to be filled with various substances such as salts, sweat, and amino acids. These substances can result in discoloration and produce unwanted odors.
  • Microorganisms: Microorganisms such as algae, virus, and bacteria are likely to find their way inside the pool. These microorganisms love moisture and can also settle at the bottom of the pool. Algae contamination is a common problem and can result in many problems if the filter is not working properly.


Disinfecting the pool is important if you want to eliminate the risks of spreading a horrible disease. Without proper care, recreational pools can become a breeding ground for dangerous illnesses. Fortunately, chlorine disinfectants kill off bacteria such as Shigella or E.coli.

Clean pool.

Pool owners should also be aware of protozoa such as giardia and cryptosporidium. Because a few of these pathogens are resistant to chlorine, you ought to look into other kinds of disinfectants.

Follow these useful tips to prevent dangerous disease:

  • Do not swallow pool water, which is important because chlorine does not instantly kill bacteria and the water you are swimming in could be infectious.
  • Encourage everybody to shower before and after using the pool. You have to rinse yourself after getting out of the pool, even though most recreational centers require you to shower before entering the pool. Wash your hands thoroughly as germ can easily enter the body via the food we eat.
  • Allot a kiddie pool for young children if they wear diapers, which is a more convenient option for parents.
  • Avoid going for a swim if the weather is rainy. Heavy rainfall can increase the bacteria count, causing the spread of dangerous diseases.
  • Encourage young kids to take regular bathroom breaks when using the pool.

Pool Pump Maintenance - Common Pool Pump Problems

Pool pumps are the heart of the pool's plumbing system. The pool pump requires maintenance to perform optimally. Here are some common pool pump problems and how you can address them:

Broken Or Full Trap Baskets

For the pool pump to work effectively, you have to empty it. An overloaded basket will impact the entire flow of the system. Inspect the basket after every few days, making sure there are no signs of damage.

Broken Or Full Trap Baskets Of Pool Pump.

A tiny crack can allow all kinds of dirt particles to find its way inside the machine, can result in a damaged impeller. You will have to clean or replace the impeller. To avoid such problems, ensure you empty the pump basket at least once a week when you notice it's full of leaves.

Mechanical Seal Leak

A fault in the mechanical seal can alter the way the pump works, which can cause water to leak inside the motor quickly enter the bearings. Damage caused by the bearings can cause the pump to give out a high pitched noise. If there is a leak in the pump, switch off the machine and call a professional for help.

Freeze Damage

You probably won't be using the pool when it's cold outside. Proper freeze protection can prevent the pool pump from breaking down. When it's cold outside, remember to activate the anti-freeze setting.

If you cannot run the pump in the winters, remember to switch off the main power switch and pull the drain plugs, which will protect the pool pump against the freezing weather.

Pool Drainage

Set the pool pump n a concrete pad or simple above ground level to reduce the risks of flooding. Landscaping and new construction can cause water to enter the equipment directly, which can cause the pump to become completely submerged in water in case there is a rainstorm. Set the pool equipment on the higher ground to avoid such problems.

Pool Drainage.

Leaf Buildup

Ensure the pool equipment is free of leaf buildup, which is important because if leaves bury the pump, it will not result in proper ventilation and may even lead to corrosion in some extreme cases.

Another important factor to keep into account is that leaves are a fire hazard. Leaf build up can thus result in sparks inside the motor, damaging the equipment and your backyard.

Loss Of Prime

If the pool pump is running without water flowing through it, you must get it re-primed or simply have it fixed by a professional. Running a pump without prime can cause it to heat up, this will raise the temperature of the water.

Allowing the machine to go on for a long time can cause it to reach up to a boiling point. The hot water will eventually cause damage to the components of the machine.

How To Clean Pool Pumps

Filtration is integral if you want to maintain a healthy swimming pool environment. Regularly cleaning and inspecting the pool pump can eliminate the risks of nasty surprises. To prevent such unfortunate incidents, follow these top tips for maintaining your pool pump:

Ensure You Have Replacement Cartridges

If you have a cartridge filter, ensure you have plenty of replacement cartridges in hand. These cartridges need to be replaced on a regular basis and ensure the water is free of impurities.

Replacement Cartridges.

Most experts recommend you replace the filters after every two weeks, though the duration typically depends on how often you use the pool. If you use the pool frequently, have the cartridges replaced more regularly.

However, keep in mind that this information is only suited for cartridge filters and not sand filters. A sand filtration system can last up to 6 years without needing replacement.

Inspect The Filter For Wear And Tear

If you use the pool regularly, remember to inspect the pump for signs of wear and tear. Cracks or rips in the inner parts will not only make the pump less efficient, but it can also shorten the life of the equipment. Broken parts can also get lodged inside the machine, creating more problems for the user.

Clean The Filter Cartridge After Every Use

Using a dirty filter with the pool pump will contaminate the pool, allowing impurities to break in, which will make the pool a breeding ground for microorganisms and other germs. A dirty filter can also clog up the pump, causing the pump to malfunction.

Consider rinsing the cartridge with the help of a garden hose, which will prevent germs from building up in the pool and can also prolong the life of your pool pump. However, despite cleaning the filter regularly, you'll still have to change the cartridge every few weeks.


We hope this handy guide has provided you all the information you need regarding pool pumps. If you're planning on investing, don't forget to check out our buyer's guide.

Clean home pool.

We have included a list of some of the top pool pumps on the market with a detailed guide on how you can make the perfect purchase. Good luck!

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